- Background and Necessity of the Project :
Mamta Samajik Sanstha with the support of TPAK-JICA, Japan has been conducting the activities of hygiene, health and development of human resources for children and adolescent girls in Dehradun and Chamoli districts of Uttarakhand since 2005. Through our activities, it was discovered that Indian women still face major difficulties such as ingrained discrimination, dowry death, and domestic violence.
November 2014, we conducted a baseline survey on the issue of domestic violence and the key findings are:
- Spousal violence is been eclipsed in the name of being a part of married life. The woman raises no voice against the atrocities against her. She is silenced either due to the societal norms, apprehension of increased tension in marriage, family pressure or ends up thinking it is all her fault.
- Demand of dowry is increased to a very high level post marriage and on demands not being met; threats of divorce are given in many cases.
- Birth of a male child is considered to be mandatory by majority of families, resulting in physical and metal harassment of pregnant woman.
- About 2/3rd respondents faced domestic violence daily or quite often
- Although from the survey it was outlined that alcohol abuse was close to 80%, however from the FGDs and other forums, this problem was estimated close to 90%.
- 71% were not aware about the various avenues of help available and many of them did not approach these, also they were very less effective.
- Two thirds feel that in case of neighborhood violence, somebody should intervene, but only 15% did intervene, however there is no organization in the area that works for this cause.
- Why women safety net project?
By women’s efforts alone, it is impossible to change this situation within the community to allow women to live without fear. It is important to involve male leaders and male members of the community and family to improve the awareness of gender-based violence prevention of the entire community through the joint cooperation of both men and women in order to establish a Safety net in each village.
To realize environment without fear of gender based violence for women in the targeted villages
Formation of Women Safety Net became functional in targeted villages to prevent gender-based violence.
Approximately 5,000 young women, their families, village men and the entire community of targeted villages in Vikasnagar, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
We at the MSS fully realize that any intervention aimed at addressing Domestic violence is a challenge as it is mostly viewed as an internal family matter and thus the community is reluctant to undertake what might be termed as interfere. However it has been increasingly felt that the community should intervene and that women should be encouraged to take legal recourse if the need be.
- Our social mobilization strategies to prevent violence against women include the following-:
- Increased awareness about domestic violence and it’s bad effects so that it is viewed as an intolerable behavior within the communities; For this, engaging men (MSW) against domestic violence is very important
- Develop community support networks within the community through innovative leadership models and recruiting teams at the community meetings
- Project Key Activities:
1. Community sensitization and group formation for addressing issues of any kind of violence against women.
2. Arrange lodging facility of DIC for women in need.
3. Establish a partnership with government personnel and experts in India.
4. Disseminate DIC to village people through events etc.
5. Select candidates for MSW (male leaders) and female leaders and train them on women issues.
6. Establish a network of DIC, leaders and government personnel.
7. Establish men and women forums in each village to prevent violence against women.
8. Provide various training to the targeted women and group leaders.
9. Provide information about the way to access government schemes and contact address of help line.
- Community Sensitization and Group Formation:
Community is being sensitized for prevention of violence against women (VAW) and Community based forums against VAW are formed in all the project villages. These are coordinated by Male activists – Men Standing up for women (MSW) – Gender sensitive community leaders/ male members/Youth per village including one or two MSW will be identified and sensitized.
- Formation of Safety Net Forum:
Formation of community and peer based safety net Forum with help of MSW (Men Standing up for women) in all the 10 villages.These groups will help any sufferers and will undertake violence mitigation as required.
- Pledge card and Appreciation letter/Certificate
We will prepare a pledge card and appreciation letter. Our Sector Coordinators and MSWs will sensitize and motivate men, women and community leaders to stand for women’s fundamental rights and raise voice with us for women safety. They will be encouraged to join our village safety net to protect and support women against any kind of violence. We will also develop an appreciation letter and give the same every three months in a village meeting to those men, women and leaders who have supported us in our campaign.
Drop in Centre (D.I.C) for Women in Need:
A Drop in Centre (DIC) for women in need is established at Gender Resource Centre of the organization at Kehari Gaon, via Prem Nagar, Dehradun. We provide short term shelter and support to women who are referred by MSW/ Coordinator on the request of Village Panchayat (Body) or Village elders in consultation with the family head of the victim.
- Case Analysis is done by the Chief Functionary, Project Manager and DIC staff like understanding the seriousness of the problem and violence. Decide the course of support she needs like counseling, treatment , legal aid or meeting with concerned departments, her in laws or any concerned person/official.
- Provide necessary services like medical care, counseling and legal aid support etc. in the presence of family members during her stay at DIC.
- One family member will remain with her at a time and all the time.
- Period of her stay at DIC will be depending on her mental condition and seriousness of her problem.
- Follow up visit be taken by our MSW/Coordinator once in fortnight to observe her situation.
- HELP SPOT: Community based places to prevent gender-based violence are established in the villages and linked to Government facilities and Drop in Center (DIC). Criteria of Community based places: (1) accessible houses and shops in the villages. (2) Respected person from the villagers. (3) Acceptable person from the villagers. (4) Willing to offer his/her place. (5) Attended village meeting more than twice. They are marked with a “help spot” sticker. These “help spots” become widely recognized by villagers
- Activities of Mamta Samajik Sanstha
MSS is a non-profit, secular and registered society in Uttarakhand, India working since 5th February, 1992. We visualize a healthy society where children, women and disadvantaged people of weaker get equal opportunity to grow and exercise their rights in terms of having better access on all essential services. Our mission is reaching un-reached people with right message, right service at the right time
ACHIEVEMENTS OF OUR PROJECT-
Nov ‘14 to September ’16
- Women Trained about R.C.H – 315
- Women Trained about Leadership Skills - 220
- Women Trained about Government Schemes - 199
- Number of men participated in Master’s Training for the MSWs - 25
- COMPOSITION OF SAFETY NET FORUM IN EACH VILLAGE- is composed of 5 Mamta project staff and with minimum 7 village people:
- Project Staff, i.e., Chief Functionary, Project Coordinator, Male Coordinator, Two Sector
- 2 MSWs
- 22 female leader
- 1 male person out of Panchayat member, ex Panchayat member, religious leader, retired person,
- 2 female persons out of SHG, Women’s group leader and female Panchayat member,
- MSW supporter,
- Female leader supporter
- CURRENT STATUS OF DIC
- DIC has a door with a lock upstairs
- 6 security cameras have been installed
- Counseling rooms and dormitory have been prepared
- Women and their attendant from the targeted villages stay as needed
- Number of women visited and stayed at DIC – 146 Victims
- Number of women taken to ;
- SWC - 11
- Women Cyber Cell - 5
- Women helpline - 17
- Number of cases solved through counseling and support of forum - 112
- Plates with contact number of DIC posted on the walls of the village cooperator’s house- 10 plates
- Number of people shown interest to be in Village forum:100
- Follow up visits to Victims after stayed at DIC in each village – Twice a month
- Number of meetings with the forum members- Twice in a month
- Number of calls received at DIC phone and guided-324
- MSW/ Women Leader Felicitation done in- 6 Project Villages
- TOTAL NUMBER OF MEETINGS CONDUCTED
NO. OF MEETINGS
NO. OF PARTICIPANTS
ADOLESCENT GIRLS & WOMEN
COOPERATION STATUS WITH INDIAN GOVT. OFFICIALS
We have been developing cooperative relationship with the S.W.C, Women Helpline, C.D.P.O and Police through frequent meetings and visits.
THE DEGREE OF RECOGNITION IN THE TARGET VILLAGE:
The information of DIC to the beneficiaries through home visits and awareness campaigns are being given like rallies and one to one visits.
- People of the targeted villages do not permit to take photographs and so, are reluctant to respond.
- Women tend to open up and reveal her feelings or share her problems only after several meetings with her. They donít share it because of social stigma and family respect
INNOVATIONS IN FUTURE PLAN
We will conduct various activities like village meeting, street play, Rally and debate and competition at Boys Inter College to encourage young boys age between 16-19 years to form a youth group to support our campaign.
- More Community Members will be encouraged to sign pledge letters and will be given appreciation letters for their contribution to prevent Domestic Violence in their respective villages. They will be sensitized and motivated to stand for womenís fundamental rights and raise voice with us for women safety.
HOW WOMEN ACCESS D.I.C
- Community Sensitization
- DIC Boards have been put up in the villages with our contact number.
- Walls have been painted at prominent places of the villages like Community Centers, Main Streets etc
- After the Sensitization Meetings, small group meetings are held with women
- One to one meetings done with the victims identified by our Team & forum members
- Three/ four visits and interaction with victimís family members by our Team & forum members and if needed support is given by the women members of safety ne
- If the problem is not resolved at the village then in consultation with the family members and village leaders, we encourage them to stay at DIC with one family member
- Many women call us at our DIC number confidentially to seek our help
- DIC Number is uploaded on our website as well, through which women other than of our target villages make calls to seek help and they have been given support as per their need
- Referred by our MSW/Coordinator on the request of Village Panchayat (Village Committee) or Village elders in consultation with family head of the victim
SUPPORT AT DIC
- Case Analysis by the Chief Functionary, Project Manager and DIC staff like understanding the seriousness of the problem and violence. Decide the course of support she needs like counseling, treatment, legal aid or meeting with concerned departments, her in laws or any concerned person/official.
- Provide necessary services like medical care, counseling and legal aid support etc. in consultation with the Police and concerned departments and Village Head.
- Boarding and lodging is arranged for the victim with one attendant for a week at the maximum.
MSW MASTERíS TRAINING
TRAINING ON GOVERNMENT SCHEMES
COMMUNITY SENSITIZATION - METTINGS WITH WOMEN
MEETING WITH MEN
ONE TO ONE MEETINGS
MSW FELICITATION CEREMONY
EXPOSURE VISIT TO JAPAN
LOCAL EXPOSURE VISIT
POSTER MAKING COMPETITION IN A VILLAGE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL
EXPOSURE VISIT TO NEW DELHI WITH VILLAGE LEADERS
MEETING ON WOMEN ISSUES WITH CONSUL GENERAL OF CANADA Dr. CHRISTOPHER GIBBINS